By M. A. R. Habib
This finished advisor to the heritage of literary feedback from antiquity to the current day presents an authoritative assessment of the key routine, figures, and texts of literary feedback, in addition to surveying their cultural, ancient, and philosophical contexts.Supplies the cultural, old and philosophical historical past to the literary feedback of every period allows scholars to determine the advance of literary feedback in contextOrganised chronologically, from classical literary feedback via to deconstruction Considers quite a lot of thinkers and occasions from the French Revolution to Freud’s perspectives on civilization can be utilized along any anthology of literary feedback or as a coherent stand-alone advent
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Extra resources for A History of Literary Criticism and Theory: From Plato to the Present
Before examining this reductive account of poetic form, however, the precise nature of poetry’s subversive potential as elaborated by Plato needs to be evinced. Socrates suggests that justice would better be examined first in a city rather than as characterizing an individual, on the grounds that justice in the “larger” object will be more clearly discernible (II, 368e). Given that the desired city will be wise, brave, sober, and just (IV, 427e), the guardians themselves must possess a number of qualities: keen senses, strength, bravery, high-spiritedness, and love of wisdom (376e).
The precise significance of this association of poetry with democracy may be evinced from a broader political context. Plato suggests that there five basic forms of government. His own ideal constitution can be conceived as either royalty or aristocracy (IV, 445d). The other four forms represent a progressive degeneration away from this model: timocracy (where the pursuit of honor is paramount), oligarchy, democracy, and tyranny (such an evolution, it might be added, has no basis in Greek history).
Music, observes Socrates, includes tales and stories. ” These include Hesiod’s account of the struggles between Uranus and Cronus, and Homer’s depiction of Hera’s squabbles with Zeus. Even if allegorical, such tales are impermissible since “the young are not able to distinguish what is and what is not allegory” (II, 377c–378e). Such representations falsify the actual nature of God who is “good in reality” and cannot, further, be the cause of evil things as these poets and Aeschylus suggest (II, 379b–e).
A History of Literary Criticism and Theory: From Plato to the Present by M. A. R. Habib