By Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes
Membrane fabrics enable for the selective separation of gasoline and vapour and for ion shipping. fabrics study and improvement maintains to force advancements within the layout, manufacture and integration of membrane applied sciences as serious elements in either sustainable strength and fresh purposes. Membrane utilisation bargains method simplification and intensification in undefined, offering reasonably cheap, and effective and trustworthy operation, and contributing in the direction of emissions discounts and effort protection. complicated membrane technology and expertise for sustainable power and environmental purposes offers a finished evaluate of membrane utilisation and integration inside of power and environmental industries.
Part one introduces the subject of membrane technology and engineering, from the basics of membrane strategies and separation to membrane characterization and financial research. half specializes in membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) catch in coal and fuel strength crops, together with pre- and post-combustion and oxygen shipping applied sciences. half 3 studies membranes for the petrochemical undefined, with chapters masking hydrocarbon gasoline, traditional gasoline and synthesis gasoline processing, in addition to complicated biofuels construction. half 4 covers membranes for substitute strength functions and effort garage, reminiscent of membrane expertise for redox and lithium batteries, gas cells and hydrogen creation. ultimately, half 5 discusses membranes utilisation in business and environmental purposes, together with microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and ahead osmosis, in addition to water, wastewater and nuclear energy applications.
With its unusual editors and staff of specialist individuals, complicated membrane technology and know-how for sustainable power and environmental functions is an important reference for membrane and fabrics engineers and brands, in addition to researchers and lecturers attracted to this field.
- Presents a complete evaluate of membrane technological know-how and expertise, targeting advancements and purposes in sustainable power and clean-industry
- Discusses the basics of membrane techniques and separation and membrane characterization and monetary analysis
- Addresses the main problems with membrane utilisation in coal and fuel energy crops and the petrochemical undefined, using membranes for substitute strength functions and membrane utilisation in business and environmental applications
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Extra info for Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications
Functionalized MWCNTs were embedded in PES matrix using the phase 12 Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment inversion method. The treated MWCNTs exhibited good dispersion and compatibility with the polymer matrix. The blending of MWCNTs into PES matrix resulted in an increase in hydrophilicity and water ﬂux along with a decrease in fouling of the nanocomposite membrane caused by Bovine Serum Albomin (BSA) ﬁltration. , 2012) fabricated an anti-bifouling nanoﬁltration membrane by mixing PES with TiO2coated functionalized MWCNTs.
2009) prepared PVDFeTiO2 composite membranes via the phase inversion method by mixing different amounts of TiO2 nanoparticles (0À4 wt%) into the PVDF casting solution. The photocatalytic bactericidal ability of composite PVDFeTiO2 membranes was tested using E. 2). These results were compared with a reference E. coli solution that was kept in darkness. Result showed that almost all E. coli cells survived in the dark whereas about 58% of cells survived on pristine PVDF membrane exposed to UV light for 1 min.
The ZnO-blended membranes showed a lower decline in ﬂux and better permeability compared with pristine membrane owing to the signiﬁcantly higher hydrophilicity of nanocomposite membranes even at ultra-low concentrations of ZnO nanoparticles. 125 wt% increased the relative ﬂux of nanocomposite membranes, but at higher concentrations no further increment was observed. Furthermore, the addition of ZnO nanoparticles considerably improved the fouling resistance of composite membranes during ﬁltration of solutions containing humic acid.
Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications by Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes