By Christina Hellmich
On account that 9-11, al-Qaeda has ruled American discussions of nationwide and foreign safeguard. but conflicting assumptions concerning the nature of the gang and the results of bin Ladin's demise abound. instead of simply delivering one more biography of al-Qaeda, Christina Hellmich forensically examines the main authoritative resources on which the current realizing of al-Qaeda is based, analyzing the discrepancies among what's stated and what can realistically be identified. the result's a penetrating perception into a firm that for all its notoriety is among the least understood of our time.
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Due to the fact that Sep 11, al-Qaeda has ruled American discussions of nationwide and foreign safety. but conflicting assumptions concerning the nature of the crowd and the consequences of bin Ladin's dying abound. instead of simply offering one more biography of al-Qaeda, Christina Hellmich forensically examines the main authoritative assets on which the current figuring out of al-Qaeda is based, reading the discrepancies among what's said and what can realistically be recognized.
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Extra resources for al-Qaeda: From Global Network to Local Franchise
Financial support in the war against the Taliban’s opposition, in particular buying off opposing commanders, proved to be an effective strategy. Osama thus established himself far above the mere guest. Osama bin Ladin successfully positioned himself among the Taliban. Gunaratna is more specific: Osama was quick to consolidate his links with the Taliban leadership, and by financing and materially assisting the regime he soon had widespread influence over it. After a while, Al Qaeda developed a guerrilla unit especially to assist the Taliban in the fight against the Northern Alliance.
S. 106 Despite these differences of opinion regarding the internal dynamics, general agreement exists as to the change in direction the newly aligned al-Qaeda was beginning to take. The fatwa of 1996 was still primarily concerned with the illegitimate occupation of Saudi Arabia, exemplified by the unlawful presence of American troops and the deterioration of moral standards of socio-political affairs within the kingdom. The 1998 fatwa, however, moves on from there to focus on the sins of the United States, condemning its policies in the Middle East as acts of war against God, his messenger and the community of the believers.
The period before 9/11 is also significant in that it witnessed al-Qaeda’s ideological transition from a more regional focus towards a more global dimension. It is particularly notable, however, for its widening of the range of legitimate targets. In August 1996, bin Ladin issued a fatwa entitled ‘Declaration al-qaeda of Jihad against Americans Occupying the Land of the Two Holy Mosques’, which authorized defensive war (jihad) against the American government and specifically the US military for their continued presence or ‘occupation’ of Saudi Arabia.
al-Qaeda: From Global Network to Local Franchise by Christina Hellmich