By Robert B. Ewen
Meant as an higher point undergraduate and/pr graduate point textual content for classes on theories of character, character concept, character, or psychology of character. It presents an advent to the tips of an important character theorist
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Extra info for An Introduction to Theories of Personality, 6th Edition
Motivated by the reality principle. Delays the discharge of tension until a suitable object is found in order to avoid errors, dangers, punishment. The locus of all emotions, including anxiety. Uses defense mechanisms. The stronger the ego, the healthier the personality. In a sense, the psychological executive of personality. Superego Develops out of the ego at about age 3–5 years. Results from introjections of parental standards and the resolution of the Oedipus complex. Partly conscious, partly unconscious.
Similarly, an extremist may crusade against sexual immorality in order to conceal his own deviant sexual desires from himself. Although reaction formations may seem sincere, they can usually be identiﬁed by their extreme and compulsive nature. This defense mechanism also operates unconsciously, making possible the primary goal of self-deception. The defense mechanism of displacement involves the transfer of feelings or behaviors from a dangerous object to one that is less threatening. A person who is angry with the boss may maintain a discreet silence, then go home and shout at a family member.
Delaying the discharge of tension until a suitable object has been found; a function of the ego. The logical, self-preservative, problem-solving mode of thought representative of the ego. The part of personality that includes material that is not within one’s awareness and cannot readily be brought to mind. To Freud, most of personality is unconscious. Forming a mental image of an object that will satisfy a need; a function of the id. 22 SIGMUND FREUD 1926/1969b, pp. 30–31). Although repression can help to keep the id under control, it often creates more problems than it solves.
An Introduction to Theories of Personality, 6th Edition by Robert B. Ewen