By Robert B. Ewen
This seventh Edition helps scholars get to the bottom of the mysteries of human habit via its hugely readable advent to the guidelines of the main major character theorists.
Engaging biographical sketches commence every one bankruptcy, and targeted pill summaries aid scholars overview key concepts. Theories come alive during the inclusion of quotations from the theorists’ writings and diverse functions equivalent to dream interpretation, psychopathology, and psychotherapy.
Significant alterations within the seventh version comprise a longer dialogue of the sensible functions of character thought, with an emphasis on instructions which could aid humans raise their self-knowledge, make larger judgements, and dwell extra pleasurable lives.
Fictionalized yet true-to-life examples illustrating the perils of insufficient self-knowledge contain students, mom and dad, terrorists, enterprise executives, and politicians, whereas different examples convey the optimistic results which could outcome from a greater figuring out of one’s unconscious.
This seventh variation additionally contains a extra large dialogue of the way a scarcity of self-understanding brought on problems for such famous theorists as Freud and Erikson, and a brand new part that explains how habit should be strongly encouraged via the placement in addition to by way of one’s personality.
Finally, a brand new interactive site offers perform attempt questions and different themes of interest.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Theories of Personality: 7th Edition
All important repressions occur during early childhood, when the immature and relatively powerless ego needs special methods to cope with danger (Freud, 1926/1963j, pp. 97–99; 1926/1969b, pp. 30–31). Although repression can help to keep the id under control, it often creates more problems than it solves. Fleeing from an external threat can be a wise choice, but there is no good way to escape one’s own psyche. The id impulses continue to demand satisfaction, forcing the ego to use some of its limited supply of psychic energy in order to maintain the anticathexis.
In addition to such immediate threats, memories of previous traumatic experiences may enable the ego to respond with anxiety as a signal of future danger. A knowledgeable sailor may react with signal anxiety to a cloud on the horizon because it indicates the approach of a hurricane, or a satiated infant may grow upset at the mother’s departure because it has learned that 2 • Psychoanalysis 19 becoming hungry in her absence will mean frustration and discomfort (Freud, 1926/1963j, pp. 76–77; 1916–1917/1966, p.
The explanation of these parapraxes may be fairly simple, such as anger at the person to be met or fear of failing the exam. The causes of important psychic phenomena, however, are usually numerous (overdetermined) and more complicated. For example, the forgetful student may also be motivated by an unconscious wish to punish parents who are applying too much pressure to excel—and to punish herself because she feels guilty about her strong hostility toward them. “Freudian slips” of the tongue or pen are also parapraxes that reflect unconscious motivation.
An Introduction to Theories of Personality: 7th Edition by Robert B. Ewen